New York Times Chronology - June 1961

Days: 1-7|8-14|15-21|22-30

June 1, 1961

A glistening, orange-nosed jet flashed out of the haze over Paris yesterday, and beneath it a stream of small black cars flowed around an airport honor guard and halted at the edge of a scarlet carpet. Some minutes later President Kennedy stepped out of his plane and was greeted by President de Gaulle. From that point on the two became a study in contrasts as they moved, side by side, through the city ’ age beside youth, grandeur beside informality. (10:6)

They found a "complete identity of view" on Western action to counter any new Soviet threat in Berlin. Presumably, this meant they had agreed to go to war, if necessary, to maintain Western rights there. (1:1; Text, pg. 11)

Sources in Bonn reported that the U.S., Britain and France had begun consultations in Washington on a whole series of American proposals on various actions the Allies might have to take to meet a Berlin crisis. President Kennedy was said to be dissatisfied that the Allies now had to consult each time the Russians or East Germans made a move against West Berlin. (1:2-3)

Paris also saw the sentencing of former Generals Challe and Zeller to fifteen years in prison for having led the Right-Wing military mutiny in Algeria last month. Both men had faced the death penalty. (1:4)

Word from the Dominican Republic was that Generalissimo Rafael Leonidas Trujillo Molina had been assassinated Tuesday night. One report laid the murder to a disgruntled army general seeking personal revenge for some wrong done to his family. (1:8; Text, pg. 14)

In New York, angry anti-Trujillo partisans rioted in the Dominican Consulate office. Thirty-one men were arrested. (1:6-7)

Secretary Rusk was advised in a phone call from President Kennedy to delay his planned departure for Europe in order to follow closely the Dominican developments.

The Labor Department reported that between mid-April and mid-May employment rose and unemployment declined, but that both were seasonal.

For the sixth straight month the seasonably adjusted jobless rate stayed close to 7 per cent. (1:2)

In anticipation of high unemployment for some time to come, and to help idle workers save their homes, the F.H.A. simplified the rules providing for a moratorium on mortgage payments. Local directors were authorized to approve forbearance when necessary to prevent a foreclosure. (18:3)

A Federal judge in Alabama turned down a Justice Department demand for a no-violence injunction against the Birmingham police, but he issued a stern warning against further Freedom Rider disorders. (1:7)

U.S. says Reds block negotiations on Laos. (pg. 5)

Junta pledges free economy in Korea. (pg. 5)

Ormsby-Gore to be British Ambassador. (pg. 8)

U.S.-Soviet group ends Crimea talks. (pg. 11)

Cuban exiles ask U.S. to release 13. (pg. 15)

Tractor-for-freedom group speeds plans. (p.15)

40 million asked for permanent Peace Corps. (pg. 31)

N.A.A.C.P. sues to integrate University of Mississippi. (pg. 22)

June 2, 1961

President de Gaulle greeted President Kennedy for a second day of talks. And in three hours and twenty minutes of private meetings, they came to grips with the heart of the matter ’ their divergent views on the Atlantic alliance and defense generally. They decreed total silence on the substance of the talks. (1:3; Text, pg.4)

Mrs. Kennedy received about fifty women reporters and fielded questions rapidly, both in French and English.

The second long day of diplomatic talks and high spectacle ended at a Versailles party. (4:7-8)

Commenting on the Vienna meeting, Vice President Johnson said Mr. Kennedy would warn Mr. Khrushchev that the United States had no intention of yielding to diplomatic blackmail and that no greater blunder could be made than to discount the strength of the free. (5:4)

Secretary of State Rusk finally flew to Paris to join Mr. Kennedy amid an official expression of hope that a democratic regime would come to power in the Dominican Republic in the wake of Generalissimo Trujillo’s assassination. His departure, delayed by the killing, was taken as evidence of Washington’s belief that there was no threat to the safety of the 5,200 Americans there. (1:6-7)

Ambassador Harriman was summoned to Paris today to discuss with President Kennedy the deadlocked Laos conference in Geneva. The President was said to be concerned about the usefulness of continuing the round of charge and countercharge. (1:5)

Having found a "large measure of agreement" with Mr. Kennedy on the problem of Arab refugees in Palestine, Premier Ben-Gurion ended his visit here and flew to London for a meeting today with Prime Minister Macmillan. (1:7)

Greyhound desegregates Montgomery terminal. (pg. 1)

Rusk backs plea to I.C.C. on segregation. (pg. 21)

June 3, 1961

After nearly eight hours of intimate conversation spread over three days, President Kennedy and President de Gaulle parted yesterday, tightly bound in the defense of Berlin, better informed of their divergent viewpoints on other matters and with great mutual esteem. Mr. Kennedy then turned his attention actively to his week-end meeting with Premier Khrushchev in Vienna in the knowledge he had French backing on most major issues to be discussed. (1:8; Texts, pgs. 6 & 7)

Mrs. Kennedy, too, made her mark on Paris and this was accurately, if humorously, summed up by her husband at a press luncheon: "I am the man who accompanied Jacqueline Kennedy to Paris." (7:2-3)

Mr. Khrushchev was first to arrive in Vienna, where officials in his party denounced the Kennedy-de Gaulle talks as "a militaristic exercise and poor preparation" for the week-end meeting. The Soviet attitude was one of pessimism. (1:6-7)

Generalissimo Trujillo was buried in San Cristobal amid scenes of grief that at times reached hysteria. (1:2-3)

Washington ordered a "general alert" of all naval ships on the Eastern seaboard to prepare for a possible evacuation of the 2,000 American citizens now in the Dominican Republic. Earlier, the United States asked the OAS to send a special investigating committee to the Dominican Republic to prevent repressive measures by the Government. (1:1)

From Beirut came word that President Kennedy had sent letters of goodwill to Lebanon, the UAR, Saudi Arabia, Iraq and Jordan about ten days before the visit to the United States by Premier Ben-Gurion of Israel. As a result, an Arab summit meeting is being organized, possibly for mid-June. (1:7)

The Tractors for Freedom Committee informed Premier Castro that the tractors were ready and waiting, and gave him until noon Wednesday to accept the offer. (1:3)

A Federal district judge in Montgomery, Ala., threatened Negro and white leaders alike with prison terms, as he ordered Freedom Riders to end their tests of bus integration and forbade Montgomery police to withhold protection from interstate passengers, no matter what their race. He also enjoined Ku Klux Klansmen and their associates from interfering with such travel. (1:5)

The injunction against the Freedom Riders ran into immediate opposition in the Justice Department. It was forcefully pointed out that asking people to use restraint ’ as Attorney General Kennedy had done ’ was far different from telling them they could not exercise their constitutional rights. (18:3)

It became known that the Administration was planning to drop eight Army National Guard and Reserve divisions in a move tied to plans for reorganizing the Army’s divisional structure. The cutback, from a total of thirty-seven divisions, could touch off a political battle in Congress. (1:4)

$2,225,000,000 aid is pledged for India. (pg. 3)

Laos talks wait Kennedy-Khrushchev parley. (pg. 3)

Vienna meeting is 7th scheduled at summit. (pg. 7)

Khrushchev stakes prestige on Vienna meeting. (pg. 7)

June 4, 1961

Cold wind and rain buffeted the waiting crowd at the Vienna airport, turning umbrellas inside out. Puddles had to be swept way before the red carpet could be rolled out. Nevertheless, the greeting for President Kennedy was a warm one and he appeared in good spirits as he left his plane. (26:7-8)

His first confrontation with Premier Khrushchev came outside the U.S. Embassy, the President lightly bounding down the steps to greet the Russian. With the introduction and polite luncheon talk over, the world’s two most powerful leaders held what was described as a "frank and courteous" four-hour private discussion of their troubled world relationships. Both men were observed talking with marked animation, but the official statement of the subject matter said only that special attention was paid to the situation in Laos. (1:8; Texts, Pg. 26)

Last night, in the Schoenbrunn Palace, at a state dinner, Mr. Khrushchev was asked if he would pose shaking hands with the President. With a twinkle in his eyes, the Soviet leader nodded toward Mrs. Kennedy ’ stately and striking in a long white gown ’ and said: "I’d like to shake her hand first." (1:7)

Communist observers in Vienna were privately expressing surprise and misgivings with what they consider to be massive and aggressive public preparations by Washington for the Khrushchev meeting. They regard it as something of a semi-private affair, and they feel Americans are treating it with summitry techniques. (27:1)

In London, the President’s next stop, observers see a problem in persuasion awaiting him. The Kennedy Administration wants the West to draw a line in West Berlin over which the Russians cannot step without provoking allied military action. The British want to play it by ear, contending that military tactics must be shaped to meet circumstances as they arise. (1:6-7)

United States naval units patrolled Caribbean waters off the Dominican Republic with a force including carriers and a sizable marine detachment on a "stand-by" basis. In Washington, Diplomats awaited tomorrow’s vote by the O.A.S. on the sending of an inspection group to the country. (1:2)

Dominican exile groups were appealing to the United States and the O.A.S. for immediate action, even intervention, to halt what they call a mounting reign of terror and brutality. (2:6)

Officials of the Government and the Communications industry were getting ready to sit down tomorrow to take up the complex problem of who shall own and operate a communications satellite system. Economically, such a system could become profitable before the end of the decade and in fifteen years could turn into a several billion dollars-a-year business. (1:2-3)

If Congress goes along with the Administration’s wishes, the Government’s communications satellite program will soon be expanded appreciably, with the emphasis on non-military aspects. (52:4-5)

Stevenson begins South American tour today. (pg. 2)

Europeans accept U.S. plea for textiles talks. (pg. 22)

Kasavubu informing U.N. of Kivu massacre. (pg. 30)

June 5, 1961

President Kennedy and Premier Khrushchev began the second and last day of their Vienna meeting. (12:3-4)

They reached limited agreement on Laos, reaffirming their support for its independence and neutrality. They engaged in a sharp three-hour disagreement on all questions concerning Berlin and Germany as well as nuclear testing and disarmament controls. There were no new ultimatums, no angry or menacing outbursts, and President Kennedy was able to fly to London confident and encouraged about having re-established high-level Soviet-American diplomacy. (1:8)

The Moscow radio hailed the above mentioned talk as "a good beginning." (1:4)

President Kennedy had only limited success, his wife’s triumph was total. When she arrived for lunch at the Pallavicini Palace, the chant of "Jah-kee, Jah-kee" was picked up by about 1,000 Viennese and continued until she appeared on a balcony with Mme. Khrushchev. (1:6)

President Kennedy flew to London for a twenty-eight hour visit. Mr. Kennedy was driven through lanes of cheering Britons. There were some pacifist demonstrators along the motorcades route, but on the whole it was a friendly crowd. (1:7)

Adlai E. Stevenson arrived in Caracas to begin his South American tour for the President. (1:8)

The accused leader of the assassins of Generalissimo Trujillo of the Dominican Republic was shot and killed in a battle with the police in Ciudad Trujillo. (1:2)

President Balaguer hinted that the republic might be restored to status in the Americas if the O.A.S. could find a formula to certify electoral processes. (3:1)

The Administration is considering an offer to NATO of some Strategic Air Command bombers and long-range ballistic missiles, along with Polaris submarines. (1:5).

The Justice Department will argue in a Louisiana court brief that no state may constitutionally close its public schools unless it can demonstrate a reasonable purpose. (1:3)

United States views on trade sought in Britain. (Page 13)

Curbs on factory discrimination gaining. (Page 22)

Moss Hart gives eulogy at Kaufman rites. (Page 31)

June 6, 1961

President Kennedy and Prime Minister Macmillan agreed to view Soviet willingness to negotiate on Laos as a test of the Kremlin’s global aims. On Berlin, however the two leaders held to important differences. Mr. Kennedy’s proposal was to draw a line in Berlin that the Russians could cross only at the risk of Western counteraction. (1:8)

After attending the christening of her niece ’ with the President as godfather ’ Mrs. Kennedy’s triumphant tour ended in Buckingham Palace at a private dinner given by the Queen. (1:6)

The President found his talks with Premier Khrushchev "useful," but he was somewhat pessimistic about reaching agreement on Berlin and other issues. (1:7)

The Organization of American States decided to send a team to the Dominican Republic to investigate charges of police terror and brutality following the assassination of Generalissimo Trujillo. The Dominican regime said it would cooperate. (1:5)

President Betancourt gave Adlai E. Stevenson a Venezuelan plan for inter-American action to guide the Dominican Republic to democracy. (5:1)

In South Korea, Lieut. Gen. Chang Do Young, top man of the ruling junta, lost three of his powerful posts when a law was promulgated designed to put the stamp of legality on the May 16 coup. The posts of Chief of Staff, Defense Minister and martial law commander. (3:5)

The Supreme Court upheld two of the Government’s major legislative weapons against domestic communism. The court said "Communist action" organizations could be compelled to register with the Government, it also ruled that knowing membership in a party known to advocate violent overthrow of the Government was a crime. (1:1)

Soviet deadline on Berlin solution is hinted. (Page 14)

Ban on skit on Mrs. Kennedy irks Britons.

De Gaulle briefed on sessions in Vienna. (Page 15)

King urges new "Emancipation Proclamation." (Page 29)

June 7, 1961

Bounding from his plane at 9:30 A.M. yesterday, President Kennedy received a bipartisan "welcome home" from his first experiment in personal diplomacy abroad. (16:2-3)

After briefing Congressional leaders, Mr. Kennedy reported to the nation that his talks with Premier Khrushchev in Vienna should at least have lessened chances of a "dangerous misjudgment" by either side. He saw some hope of resolving the conflict in Laos, but hopes for agreement on a nuclear test ban and slowing the arms race had suffered a "serious blow." (1:8)

W. Averell Harriman told the conference on Laos that new violations of the truce had taken place. He urged that the terms of the Vienna understanding be put into effect quickly. (1:5)

Castro announced his acceptance of proposals of a United States citizens committee to exchange 500 tractors for 1,000 prisoners. But he demanded apparently as a condition that the committee send a delegation to Cuba to negotiate details. (1:4)

The ruling military junta in South Korea formally inaugurated an era of absolute military dictatorship. (1:7)

The N.A.A.C.P. has started a campaign to cut off Federal funds for state employment services that practice racial discrimination in filling jobs. (23:3)

France warns Common Market of farm policies. (Page 1)

Soviet pressing for shift of U.N. to Vienna. (Page 5)

Venezuelans laud Kennedy. (Page 12)

Gizenga yielding on reopening of Parliament. (Page 18)

June 8, 1961

Padong finally fell to the pro-Communist rebels in Laos yesterday, and as a result the United States and Britain boycotted the Geneva conference, charging "blatant violations" of the cease-fire. There were no indications that the United States was ready to withdraw from the conference. The West’s Geneva conferences were awaiting Foreign Minister Gromyko’s arrival today in the hope he would have new instructions reflecting the Kennedy-Khrushchev accord at Vienna. (1:1)

Washington challenged Moscow to make available to the Russian people the West’s draft treaty on nuclear tests and let them judge its fairness for themselves. (1:7)

In the French-Algerian peace talks, Paris recalled its supreme military commander from the African territory and replaced him with his assistant. (1:4)

Havana nationalized all education, calling it a function of the state. (1:7)

Congress was also asked by the Administration to create a three-part pilot program for a youth conversation corps, on-the-job training and local public service work projects for youths between the ages of 16 and 22. (23:1)

The director of the Peace Corps asked business and industry to grant two-year leaves of absence to employees going into the corps and said that unions should also guarantee their seniority. (1:4-5)

Cairo rules out turn to U.S. despite Soviet rift. (Page 11)

Federal equal-jobs group issues regulations. (Page 20)

Post Office acts to speed mail delivery. (Page 33)

A.F.L.-C.I.O. trying to get jobs for Africans. (Page 19)

Kennedy exhorts graduating class at Annapolis. (Page 25)

June 9, 1961

The Soviet Union protested yesterday against the proposed meeting of the upper house of the Bonn Parliament in West Berlin as a provocation endangering peace. (1, Col. 8; Texts, 3)

Washington has sent a note to Moscow, urging the Russians to cooperate in achieving an effective cease-fire in Laos. (1:41)

Washington is not taking any steps to accept the Dominican Republic’s new regime without hemispheric accord. (10:3-4)

The tractors-for-prisoners group said it was prepared to ship the first 100 machines to Cuba within tow weeks and to send a six-man technical group to Havana Monday to work out the details. The message to Premier Castro did not mention his bid for talks with Mrs. Roosevelt or Dr. Eisenhower. (1:5; Text, 7)

President Kennedy is in "constant discomfort" as a result of a back strain suffered in a tree-planting ceremony in Ottawa last month. (1:5-7)

U.S. Reds to defy high court order on registering. (18)

Gold stock shows largest rise in 3-1/2 years. (45)

June 10, 1961

Vice President Johnson disclosed that as a follow-up to his Southeast Asian tour, a special economic mission would leave for South Vietnam next week to work out cooperative solutions to its pressing financial, political and military needs. (3:1)

Washington rejected Moscow’s latest complaint against West German parliamentary meeting in Berlin, nothing that such meetings have been held over in the past and that the East German Parliament also meets there. (1:6-7)

The United States and the Soviet Union were on the same side as the U.N. Security Council passed a resolution calling on Portugal to "desist forthwith from repressive measures" in her West African colony of Angola. The vote was 9 to 0, with Britain and France abstaining. (1:6-7; Text, 4)

Castro has agreed to receive the technical advisors of the Tractors for Freedom Committee. (1:7-8)

President Kennedy went on crutches at Palm Beach, Fla. to ease his back strain. He used them to get to the pool, where he swam in 85-to-90-degree salt water, which the doctor ordered. (1:4)

Mr. Kennedy’s four-month search for an Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs ended with the selection of Carl B. Spaeth who has been dean of the Stanford University law school since 1946. (1:4-5)

Stevenson tour developing unity on Cuba. (5)

Kennedy tells envoys they have top powers. (7)

Post Office acts to ban Millar novel. (25)

Pay-off demand is laid to aide of M.S.T.S. (45)

Ten nations bought U.S. gold in quarter. (25)

President writes letter in Latin to students. (8)

Officer faces charge on collapse of tower. (12)

Federal court asked to stop rider arrests. (47)

June 11, 1961

In one of two memorandums handed to President Kennedy by Premier Khrushchev the West was offered what amounted to a six-month moratorium on a crisis over West Berlin. Moscow suggested the calling of a conference "now, without delay" on a German peace treaty and on the question of West Berlin becoming a free city. The other memorandum urged the merging of the stalled nuclear test-ban talks into the general disarmament talks planned for this summer. (1, Col. 8)

To counter the Communist tactics of subversion and infiltration Sir Anthony Eden called for the formation of a "political general staff" of Western leaders to unite not only the policies, but also the military, political and economic methods making them effective. (1:5)

On Capitol Hill there was growing disenchantment with the foreign aid program ’ a feeling that it has become an unfortunate necessity rather than a challenge. Lobbies working against the program are articulate and well organized, and those in favor of it are markedly less so. (1:3)

A new defense agreement is being negotiated with Canada, under which she will assume responsibility for operating and maintaining the Pine Tree air-defense line. In exchange, Washington will finance the production of NATO fighter aircraft in Canada. (36:1)

The Atomic Energy Commission issued a critical self-indictment of its safety procedures and organization. The report was made because of the fatal accident in a small Army research reactor in Idaho last January. (24:3)

Washington eyes Cairo-Moscow clash. (7)

Half of workers jobless in the Congo. (9)

With a general maritime strike threatened for Thursday night, intensive efforts are due to be made this week by Federal and other mediators. (1:2-3)

Stevenson "comforted" by Quadros agreement. (8)

General said to confess part in Trujillo plot. (9)

U.S. weighs subsidy to spur phone satellites. (18)

Two television programs on First Lady offered. (59)

June 12, 1961

East and West finally agreed to resume the fourteen-nation conference on Laos today. The British and Soviet co-chairmen sent a joint message to the Control Commission, appealing to all parties in the civil war for cooperation and observance of the ceasefire. Details of the compromise solution were withheld. It was felt that in order to get the conference going, the West had to abandon some of its major demands. (1, Col. 8)

Rusk told the NATO Council that Washington could not accept the latest Soviet memorandum on Berlin as the basis for new negotiations. (1:7; Texts, 13)

Jean Monnet called for a partnership of Europe and the United States as a force for ultimate peace. He told Dartmouth’s graduates that the methods of economic and political unity being developed on the Continent pointed the way. (1:5)

The Republican National Chairman said that President Kennedy had "rescinded and revoked" an Eisenhower Administration plan to give air support to the Cuban invasion. (1:6-7)

Today will see the start of a two-day meeting in Washington between President Kennedy and Premier Fanfani of Italy. The Italian is expected to recommend a reappraisal of President Nasser’s regime in the United Arab Republic. (5:1)

When the President returns to Washington from Palm Beach, Fla., today, he will appear in public using crutches. (1:1-2)

The Justice Department has threatened General Electric with divestment proceedings unless it signs a consent decree. (1:4)

The Democrats were put on notice by the Liberal party that they should not take its endorsement for granted this year. Hays said that liberal support for Mayor Wagner, if he decides to run again, was still an "open question." (1:2)

June 13, 1961

At the 317th session of the nuclear test talks in Geneva, the Soviets served notice yesterday that the negotiating stage of the conference was over. The United States and British delegates were given the choice of outright acceptance of the Soviet terms for a test ban treaty on merging the talks with broader disarmament negotiations. Democrats pressed the Administration to end the talks and resume nuclear tests. (1, Col. 8)

At Geneva, Communist China rejected Western proposals to safeguard the political integrity and neutrality of Laos. The Thailand’s delegation walked out. (1:5)

Hammarskjöld said the Congo’s political crisis appeared to be over. The United Nations will lend the Congo $10,000,000 to aid her economic recovery. (1:6-7; Text 14)

A United Nations commission on Korea decided not to express any collective concern about the military coup in South Korea. Member nations should individually urge the junta to restore civilian control and civil liberties. (1:7)

The United States is negotiating for more European purchases of Latin goods. (16:1)

General Eisenhower acknowledged giving orders to help organize, train and equip Cuban refugees for action at the proper time. (18:1)

The Army admonished Maj. Gen. Edwin A. Walker for publicly linking prominent persons and media with communism. But his troop information program was not a forum for the views of the John Birch Society. (1:5-6)

Stevenson is cool to Paraguayan dictator. (16)

Dominicans to try general in Trujillo slaying. (17)

Defense spending bill goes to White House. (3)

Fall-out shelters dropped for U.S. center here. (3)

Goldberg testifies for youth programs. (21)

Kennedy asks aid of Mayors in jobs drive. (22)

American sells Russians coin-operated washers. (30)

Udall urges study on national fuels policy. (47)

I.M.F. chief scores currency rumors. (56)

June 14, 1961

France broke off the three-week-old Algerian peace talks for an indefinite "period of reflection" despite protests by the Algerian nationalists. (1:1)

A group of United States farm machinery experts conferred in Havana with Cuba’s President Dorticos on the issue of exchanging captive rebels for 500 tractors. (1:2-3)

Prime Minister Macmillan sending some of his senior ministers to other Commonwealth countries to discuss with them whether, and under what conditions, Britain should join the Common Market. (9:1)

A Foreign Service officer was arrested on espionage charges. Irvin Chambers Scarbeck, until recently second secretary in our Embassy in Warsaw, was accused of having transmitted classified documents to the Polish Government. (1:4)

President Kennedy named de Lesseps S. Morrison Ambassador to the O.A.S. (6:1-2)

Mr. Kennedy asked Congress to modernize the nation’s unemployment compensation system by increasing coverage, benefits and payroll taxes. (17:3)

Stevenson urges free elections in Paraguay. (8)

British to confer on European tie. (9)

U.S. Steel revises pricing on bars. (11)

June 15, 1961

Chairman Holifield of the Congressional Atomic Energy Committee called for an end to the voluntary moratorium and a resumption of nuclear tests as soon as possible. Essentially, what he advocates is known as the "TNT approach" ’ "Test ’N’ Talk." (1:1)

Senate Majority Leader Mansfield attempted to stimulate debate on the Berlin issue by proposing "a third way" between the Soviet and United States positions ’ making all of Berlin into one "free city" that would be held in trust by an international authority. He insisted he was speaking only as an individual. (1:2-3)

Congressmen heard testimony from the nation’s civilian and military defense chiefs that the Russians and Chinese Communists were shipping large amounts of arms to Cuba in order to make the island a base for the export of revolution to Latin America. Congress should remove barriers on military aid to Latin American countries. (2:3)

Castro reported "progress" in the tractors-for-prisoners negotiations in Havana, but indicated the exchange depended on the acceptance of a new condition. He agreed to take agricultural tractors providing the number of vehicles would correspond to the value of the 500 bulldozers he originally requested. (1:2)

The O.A.S. investigating team completed interviews in the Dominican Republic and planned to return to Washington to report that it has been found peaceful and orderly following the Trujillo assassination and had seen no evidence of police abuses. (2:6)

At the Laos peace talks, former neutralist Premier Souvanna Phouma solemnly and emphatically committed the Southeast Asian kingdom to neutrality and abstention from military pacts. (1:5)

A new Presidential limousine arrived at the White House, complete with a rear seat that can be raised for parades and three interchangeable tops for different kinds of weather. (26:5-7)

The President asked Congress to raise the ceiling on the national debt by $5,000,000,000 to $298,000,000,000 to make room for new Treasury borrowing. (1:7)

The President’s four-month search for an Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs was on again following the refusal by Carl B. Spaeth of Stanford University to take the sensitive post. (1:4)

The Peace Corps designated its first twenty-seven trainees ’ fifteen for a farm and village development project in Colombia and twelve for a roads survey and building project in Tanganyika. (1:5-6)

U.S. hopes new envoy can sway Korean junta. (Page 5)

Belgian military advisor to leave Katanga. (Page 8)

Attorney General urges public war on crime. (Page 1)

F.P.C. member, Swidler, is confirmed by Senate. (Page 16)

U.S. Indian policy angers tribesmen. (Page 20)

President orders food for evicted Negroes. (Page 38)

Police in Carolinas guard Freedom Riders. (Page 38)

June 16, 1961

Premier Khrushchev read a report to the Russian people on the Vienna meeting with President Kennedy. He spoke favorably of President Kennedy personally, but emphasized that he intended to push for the conclusion of a German peace treaty by the end of the year with or without Western agreement. (1:1)

East Germany’s Communist Chief, Walter Ulbricht, threatened interference with Western air traffic in and out of Berlin once a peace treaty was concluded. (1:1)

Washington found Khrushchev speech a reinforcement of the view that Moscow was intent on a German settlement on its own terms ’ and within six months, at that. (3:1)

Washington made it plain it was not satisfied with the length or thoroughness of the seven-day O.A.S. investigation of conditions in the Dominican Republic. (1:2)

A seaman’s strike began at midnight last night. The National Maritime Union was the first of the unions to go out. (1:8)

U.S. opposes Soviet plan to shift atom talks. (Page 3)

Clashes mar Stevenson’s arrival in Bolivia. (Page 5)

Fanfani and Johnson affirm Italian ’ U.S. amity. (Page 8)

Kennedy’s letter stirs belated Arab interest. (Page 11)

Turkish officers find an uneasy truce. (Page 11)

Mayor indicates he will pick running mates. (Page 18)

More sympathetic U.S. policy due Indian tribes. (Page 34)

Navy will check work on nine more new ships. (Page 66)

Four electrical concerns yield to U.S. on prices. (Page 1)

Polaris submarine Edison is launched. (Page 5)

Freedom Riders push into northern Florida. (Page 31)

United States gold stock rises 48 million. (Page 45)

June 17, 1961

New Secretary General of NATO, Dr. Dirk U. Stikker, said Mr. Khrushchev’s campaign against Berlin made the strengthening of the NATO alliance a matter of urgency. (1, Col. 4)

General Mobutu announced in Leopoldville the arrest of forty of his soldiers and twenty civilians on charges of being involved in a plot to have him and other leaders "either poisoned or kidnapped." (1:2)

President Kennedy addressed a conference on international development about foreign aid. He acknowledged there had been errors in judgment and money wasted under past aid programs, but urged the nation to support his program as a means of helping to stamp out the conditions on which communism thrives. (1:1; Text, 2)

President Kennedy announced the appointment of Robert F. Woodward, a career Foreign Service officer who is now Ambassador to Chile to the post of Assistant Secretary of State for Inter-American Affairs. (1:2-3)

The Justice Department had recommended, without public announcement, that Congress extend for an indefinite period the controversial Civil Rights Commission. (1:5)

Thirteen Freedom Riders in Florida were arrested. (12:1)

Freedom Riders in Alabama, Governor Patterson has warned the State Highway Patrol that any trooper who cooperated with an agent of the F.B.I will be dismissed. (12:2-4)

The paralyzing effect of the seamen’s strike spread slowly along the nation’s coasts. Longshoremen honored the lines, refusing to work cargo. At the same time, Federal officials renewed their efforts to get both sides back to the bargaining table. Labor Secretary Goldberg asked for a resumption of direct negotiations early today in New York. (1:8)

Perez Jimenez held extraditable to Venezuela. (1)

Students dispersed as Stevenson visits Peru. (3)

Soviet balks at planes for Laos control unit. (8)

Soblen espionage trial is set for Monday. (50)

June 18, 1961

In a new note to Moscow, The United States warned yesterday that it could not indefinitely run the risk that the Russians might be secretly testing nuclear weapons. Washington also rejected a Soviet proposal to merge the nearly three-year-old test ban talks in Geneva with pending disarmament negotiations. The note said flatly that Moscow appeared not to want a test ban treaty and it emphasized that the Soviet Union would have to bear the responsibility if the negotiations resulted in failure. (1:8, Text, pg. 2)

At the Geneva talks on Laos, the United States accused the Communists of three new violations of the cease-fire. (1:7)

Since the defeat of the Cuban invasion the Castro regime in Cuba has visibly quickened its march toward full-fledged communism, Castro shies away from defining his system as communism, but acknowledged that "socialism" is his goal. (1:6)

A commission financed by the Ford Foundation recommended sweeping changes in the way the nation handles its monetary and fiscal affairs. The group, which made 87 proposals, would give the President stand-by authority to cut taxes in a recession or increase them in a boom, subject to Congressional veto. There would be no legal ceiling on the national debt, now there would be maximum interest rates on F.H.A. or V.A. mortgages. (1:3)

Information gathered by the C.I.A. shows the Russians use of forged documents to discredit the West and the sow suspicion and discord among the Allies. (8:1-2)

Admiral Rickover said a $2.98 toy model of the Polaris submarine had given the Russians millions of dollars’ worth of secret information. He said the model had been built in accordance with official Navy blueprints and revealed even the size of the reactor compartment. (9:1)

The Atomic Energy Commission is proposing a cutback in the production of nuclear weapons. (1:7)

Student riot in Lima mars Stevenson visit. (pg. 4)

Khrushchev believed wary of the Berlin crisis. (pg. 14)

Berlin holds huge anti-Communist rally. (pg. 15)

Pentagon perturbed by right-wingers in uniform. (pg. 1)

Negroes making gains in Lockheed plant. (pg.1)

Clerics plan tour to support Freedom Riders. (pg. 45)

June 19, 1961

The three princely leaders of Laos agreed to begin negotiations today on the formation of a coalition Government that would unite the strife-torn kingdom. (1, Col. 8)

The Communist bloc was reported rapidly expanding its economic, technical and military aid to the uncommitted nations. The bloc allocated more than $1,000,000,000 in economic aid alone last year. (1:7)

A Senate subcommittee proposed the creation of an office of science and technology within the White House to strengthen the nation’s scientific efforts. (27:1)

Stevenson gets warm welcome in Guayaquil. (5)

Ikeda flies today for talks with Kennedy. (6)

Humphrey assails Latin-American aid set-up. (14)

Union wins pledge against job loss in automation. (18)

Broad job planning urged for automation era. (18)

Tax bill asks cut in oil write-offs. (41)

U.S. tax changes seen harmful to Panama. (41)

June 20, 1961

Czechoslovakia rejected yesterday a United States demand for the removal of a Czech diplomat at the U.N. (1:1)

Canada told the Geneva conference on Laos that the Soviet Union’s proposed system of vetoes on the activities of the International Control Commission in Laos would deprive that group of initiative and effectiveness. The three Princes, who lead the three political factions in Laos, were in "profound" disagreement in attempts to form a coalition government. (1:1)

United States-Soviet talks in Washington on disarmament negotiations arrangements opened. A communiqué said only that the two sides had "exchanged views" on procedures and "the ways of solving the problems before them." (1:3)

The White House announced that the visit of President Mohammed Ayub Khan of Pakistan and been advanced from November to July 3 because of "matters of immediate concern" which were not disclosed. (3:1)

The Tractors-for-Freedom Committee refused to increase its offer of 500 agricultural tractors to Premier Castro in exchange for prisoners. The American group gave the Cuban leader until Friday noon to accept the offer. (1:2)

In the final day of the Supreme Court’s term, the justices overruled a 1949 decision and held that the Constitution forbids the use of illegally seized evidence in state criminal trials. The vote was 5 to 4. (1:8; Text, pg. 22)

An announcement of the appointment of Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor as White House military advisor was expected this week. The appointment would in effect revive the post of personal Chief of Staff to the Commander in Chief, originally held under Presidents Roosevelt and Truman by Admiral William D. Leahy. (1:6)

Attorney General Robert F. Kennedy met privately with a group of Freedom Riders in Washington last week and urged them to concentrate on Negro voting registration in the South. He expressed the view that they had made their point on segregated travel facilities. (30:2)

After lengthy delay, Soviet-United States negotiations for direct Moscow New York air service are about to open. (1:2-3)

Kennedy sets up hemisphere social progress fund. (pg. 11)

Cuba developing own brand of communism. (pg. 13)

U.S. Embassy aide in Poland indicted as spy. (pg. 5)

F.C.C. chief attacks youth TV fare. (pg. 67)

Meany prods U.S. on high jobless rate. (pg. 18)

Curran accuses engineers in maritime strike. (pg. 19)

U.S. aide opposes textile import quotas. (pg. 41)

June 21, 1961

In the mounting Berlin crisis, the United States had scheduled intensive discussions with Britain and France and plans talks with West Germany and the other Atlantic pact allies to review possible political and military steps. United States-British-French consultative group met in Washington last week and will confer again in a few days. (1, Col. 8)

The United States recalled its chief negotiator at the nuclear test ban talks in Geneva and left indefinite whether he would return to the conference. (1:7)

The United States told the Geneva conference on Laos that it would take its military advisors out of Laos if the withdrawal was "phased and coordinated" with that of the other foreign forces there. (9:1)

The United States said that Miroslav Naevalac, whom it wants removed from Czechoslovakia’s delegation at the United Nations had been the chief of Czech espionage in the country. (1:3-6; Text, 16)

The Congolese national Parliament will meet soon. The meeting, under United Nations protection, was made possible by an agreement between the Central Government and the Gizenga regime in Stanleyville. (1:5)

The Country’s electrical manufacturers, shaken by the conviction of the giants of the industry on price-rigging charges, have adopted a code of principles designed to guarantee full compliance with the antitrust laws. (18:4-5)

Mrs. Ikeda makes history on visit to U.S. (7)

New accord with Peiping is signed in Moscow. (8)

Canada seeks to cut imports from U.S. (11)

Kennedy’s get puppy from Khrushchev. (14)

Kennedy to name Eastland friend a judge. (19)

F.C.C. inquiry hears plight of TV dramatists. (75)

June 22, 1961

Premier Khrushchev warned yesterday that the Soviet Union would start nuclear tests "immediately" if the West resumes such tests. He topped speech off by promising that he will sign peace treaty with East Germany by the end of the year. (1, Col. 8; Text, 6)

President Kennedy shortly to propose an enlarged agency to strengthen planning and research for disarmament. (1:6-7)

To meet the chronic complaints of the Communist bloc and Asians and Africans that they are underrepresented in positions at the United Nations, a board proposed that the Soviet bloc be given at least 100 high posts by the end of 1962 and that more under secretaries be appointed from small countries. (1:7; Text, 4)

Former President and Mrs. Eisenhower returned to the White House, guests at a formal luncheon given by President Kennedy for Japanese Premier Hayato Ikeda. The President and Ikeda agreed to form a United States-Japan economic committee. (1:4-7)

The Czech diplomat accused of espionage by the United States, decided to return to Prague today after the State Department threatened him with arrest and deportation. (1-4)

President Kennedy’s plans for the streamlining of Federal regulatory agencies by giving more power to their chairmen suffered another defeat. The Senate, by a vote of 52 to 38, defeated a move to reorganize the Securities and Exchange Commission. (1:3)

The nation’s first plant to convert sea water into drinking water was dedicated in Freeport, Tex., on the Gulf of Mexico. President Kennedy, who is fascinated by the project, pushed a button in Washington that started the operation. (21:4; Text, 21)

The six-day-old walkout of American merchant marine seamen was further than ever from solution as negotiating committees spent the day firing statements and accusations at each other. As the strike’s impact deepened here and in other ports on the three costs, New York’s water front was almost totally immobilized by a one-day walkout of longshoremen. (1:2)

Stevenson finds U.S. prestige hurt among Latins. (1)

Three Laotian factions agree to unify army. (8)

U.N. aids move for broad coalition in Congo. (9)

Peace Corps steps up recruiting campaign. (3)

Pentagon to close an air base in Britain. (7)

Senate votes plan to spur tourism. (12)

U.S. seeks to increase income from services. (15)

Johnson stumps Texas with praise for Kennedy. (20)

Office workers help 1,597 on liner with baggage. (19)

U.S. held powerless in Freedom Ride arrests. (31)

Susskind scores networks at F.C.C. hearing. (25)

New amateur code adopted for Olympics. (38)

June 23, 1961

Rusk left room for further efforts to negotiate on the Soviet plan to sign a separate peace treaty with East Germany, but he reaffirmed the Western refusal to give up any rights in West Berlin. (1:1; Text, 2)

Despite an "uncooperative" Soviet attitude, Mr. Rusk said nuclear test ban negotiations would continue, although the possibility of resuming tests was being weighed. (2:1)

The three Princes of Laos said nothing about when the coalition government would be organized and who would lead it. (1:2)

President Tshombe of Katanga Province emerged from political captivity in Leopoldville. He promised to cooperate with the central Congolese regime, but it was clear that he considered his power unbroken. (1:1)

Adlai E. Stevenson ended his Latin-American tour. Latin diplomats could not recall a time when it was so hard to find out who was in charge of what. (1:2-3)

President Kennedy was disabled by a virus attack that kept him off his feet all day. He appeared to have overcome the infection in less than twenty-four hours. "He’s got a lot of zip," his physician said. (1:2-3; Physician’s remarks, 12)

Skipping eleven high-ranking admirals, the President chose 54-year-old Vice Admiral George W. Anderson Jr., youngest of the Navy’s top twenty officers, to be Chief of Naval Operations. The Brooklyn-born aviator now heads the Sixth Fleet. (1:8)

The President won a resounding victory when the House passed his omnibus housing bill, 235 to 178. A similar version already has passed the Senate and all that remains is the settling of minor differences.

The postal rate increase bill, which the President was counting on to offset a budget deficit, apparently was killed by a House Committee. (1:6)

Mayor Wagner announced he would run for re-election ’ provided he got running mates in whom he had fullest confidence. He named the man he wanted: Abe Stark, the present City Council President, for Controller, and Deputy Mayor Paul R. Screvane for Council President. (1:8; Mayor’s Text, 16)

Labor Secretary Goldberg proposed setting up a three-man panel of distinguished citizens to break the stalemate in the week-old seamen’s strike. He also asked management and labor to get the ships moving again and to accept a sixty-day cooling-off period to give the panel time to study all aspects of the dispute. (1:4)

A gift of $2,500,000 for the new Metropolitan Opera House was pledged by the West German Government. It was the first international contribution to the Lincoln Center for the Performing Arts, the "Met’s" future home. (1:2)

Troop activity points up "cold war" in Berlin. (2)

U.S. to allow farm sales to Soviet for dollars. (3)

Murrow asks adequate funds for agency. (5)

Rusk calls aid plan vital to survival. (9)

Extension of health insurance to jobless urged. (31)

Harvard Glee Club opens tour of Japan. (20)

United States gold stock up $50,000,000 in week. (37)

June 24, 1961

The five-week effort to exchange 500 American-built tractors for 1,214 rebel prisoners in Cuba collapsed last night. The unofficial Tractors for Freedom Committee decided it could not achieve its aims. It began making plans to dissolve and return contributions to donors. The project had failed because of Dr. Castro’s demand for farm tractors equal in value to 500 heavy-duty tractors and bulldozers he requested first (1:8)

Adlai E. Stevenson told President Kennedy he found discontent and a deteriorating economic situation in South America. He indicated that the Cuban expedition hurt U.S. popularity. (1:5-7)

President Kennedy held an unusual three-hour meeting with top advisors and lawmakers on Berlin and other issues. (1:6-7)

East Germany acknowledged a critical shortage of food and consumer goods. (4:3)

To be free to face the Berlin crisis, President de Gaulle is planning to settle the Algerian problem this summer by agreement with the rebels, if possible, or by unilateral French action, if necessary. (3:1)

A proposal to offer Communist China a seat in the United Nations General Assembly is being studied by the United States. Nationalist China would stay on the Security Council, but Peiping would have an equal Assembly voice. The Nationalists already rejected the idea and Peiping is expected to do the same. (1:7)

Nearly all the money requested by President Kennedy for military spending was approved by the House Appropriations Committee. The $42,711,105,000 outlay would set a peacetime record. Much of it earmarked for a faster build-up of nuclear striking forces and preparation for possible limited warfare. (1:4)

Hagerstown, Maryland did its level best to mend a rip in the delicate tapestry of international relations with a banquet for Dr. William Fitzjohn, the African diplomat who was refused service in a local restaurant. Smiling broadly, he praised the city’s friendliness. (1:4-5)

The seamen’s strike moved into its eighth day as a Federal plan to halt the walk-out for a sixty-day fact-finding period collapsed. Employers agreed to the proposal, but major unions rejected it. (1:2)

Head of U.N. Angola inquiry invited to Lisbon. (Page 2)

Japanese Premier here scores trade curbs. (Page 2)

Kennedy letters offer aid to Arab refugees. (Page 3)

Robert Kennedy dubious on youth corps funds. (Page 8)

X-15 rocket plane sets mile-a-second record. (Page 1)

June 25, 1961

Premier Khrushchev said yesterday that he economic drive would make the Soviet Union the richest country in the world. He declared the Soviet Union was already closely approaching the United States. (1:4)

Influential British circles believe that the Western Big Four should announce their plans for solving the German issues raised by Moscow, stressing what is negotiable. (16:3)

Leaders of the Congo’s three rival regions promised the United Nations they would cooperate for an early reopening of the long-suspended Congolese Parliament. The opening date was set for July 2, a week later than originally planned. Officials said far-flung members could not meet their earlier schedule. (1:2-3)

Government officials and scientists are waging a heated debate over the neutron bomb ’ a possible new warhead that would kill men but leave objects in tact. (1:1)

President Kennedy took steps that could lead to a back-to-work order in the nine-day maritime strike. Her ordered Government agencies to make a week-end study of the strike’s impact to determine whether a Taft-Hartley Act injunction was needed. (1:5)

Test of automatic highways ’ roads where cars will be completely controlled by electronic devices is planned. The test could be underway within two years. (78:1)

Powerful forces within the Negro protest movement against segregation have thrown their support behind a proposal to de-emphasize the Freedom Rides. (1:6)

World reaction to racial violence and jailings in Freedom Ride incidents was so sharp that it outweighed attempts by journalists to put the events into perspective, the U.S.I.A. said. (1:7)

Prospects to organize the Southern textile industry have met failure in a 2 1/2 year strike in Henderson, N.C. (58:3)

Cuban prisoners in U.S. again on tractor mission. (pg. 14)

Souvanna Phouma favors new Laos truce plan. (pg. 18)

Kennedy orders communication satellite study. (pg. 36)

Negro parents plan Carolina integration drive. (pg. 53)

June 26, 1961

The Leopoldville radio asserted yesterday that President Tshombe of Katanga had agreed to end his province’s secession from Congo. The Katanga leader was reported to have agreed also to restore Central Government control of public affairs. (1:1)

In a sequel to President Kennedy’s friendly letters to Arab leaders, the State Department is reported to be checking the political possibilities of inviting President Nasser to Washington. (2:2)

Iraq laid claim to the oil-rich Persian Gulf sheikdom of Kuwait, a British protectorate until last week. Premier Kassim said he would name the present Sheik as Governor. (1:4-5)

The United States suggested raising the membership from ten to twenty members of the disarmament group. Three African, three Latin and four Asian nations would be added. (1:3)

Governor Rockefeller urged establishment of a new Federal transportation department. Washington already has studied such an idea, but without enthusiasm. (1:6-7)

Three unions in the ten-day-old maritime strike asked President Kennedy to set up a special Federal board to move emergency cargoes. (1:5)

Organized labor’s high command will meet today to seek a way of ending interunion feuds that imperil the A.F.L. - C.I.O. (32:2)

Italy and Austria abandon Tyrol talks. (Page 3)

Caroline keeps menagerie at White House. (Page 33)

June 27, 1961

The Sheik of Kuwait declared that his oil-rich domain was an independent Arab state. He warned that Kuwait would fight to defend herself against Iraqi claims of sovereignty. Arab diplomats doubted that Iraq would use force. They viewed the claim as a maneuver to block UAR control of Kuwait. (1:4)

Peiping’s Foreign Minister used about 5,000 words to say "never" to the U.S. plan for international controls to guarantee Laotian neutrality and freedom. (6:3)

President Kennedy invoked the Taft-Hartley Act in a bid to end the 11-day-old seamen’s strike. The President named a three-man board to study the tie-up and report by Friday, after which the Government could seek an injunction to halt the strike for eighty days. (1:1; President’s texts, Page 16)

Andrew W. Cordier, the official closest to Dag Hammarskjöld, has resigned as executive assistant to the Secretary General. He will stay on for a time in another post. (1:2)

Congress sent the President a multi-billion-dollar highway bill, carrying a tax rise for trucking and a slight tax addition for all motorists. (18:3)

The President recalled Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor to active duty as his own military representative. (13:2)

The Justice Department sued to end alleged racial segregation at the New Orleans airport terminal. (1:2)

Whites are assured of control in Rhodesia. (pg. 5)

Military rebellion fails in Venezuela. (pg. 14)

Governors urged to back Kennedy foreign stand. (pg. 13)

Kennedy offers plan on saline water. (pg. 35)

Mrs. Kennedy plans dinner steeped in history. (pg. 35)

Ship unions bid Kennedy forego injunction. (pg. 16)

June 28, 1961

The United States made new efforts to advance the stalled Geneva negotiations on Laos. Representatives of two of the factions in Laos were invited to Washington. Only one of them appeared to have accepted. (1:7)

The United Arab Republic announced opposition to any attempt by Iraq to annex the oil-rich country of Kuwait. (1:6-7)

The executive council of A.F.L. - C.I.O. urged Congress to give President Kennedy "full emergency power" to mobilize the nation’s resources in any world crisis. (1:8)

Senate and House conferees produced a $4,900,000,000 compromise housing bill that gave President Kennedy almost all he requested and some extras. (1:4)

Mr. Kennedy’s proposal to accelerate the nation’s space program in an attempt to beat the Russians with a manned expedition to the moon was approved unanimously by the Senate space committee. (13:1)

Presidential appointments included George W. Mitchell, vice president and chief economist at the Federal Reserve System’s Chicago bank, who was named to the system’s board of Governors. (16:1)

The Consumer Price Index declined by one-tenth of 1 per cent in May. (1:1)

Rusk says U.S. policy on China is obsolete. (Page 3)

Tshombe to take leave of absence. (Page 10)

Kennedy may make TV appeal on foreign aid. (Page 5)

Freedom Riders decide to continue campaign.

New Orleans airport eases curbs on Negroes. (Page 24)

Judge orders Dallas to start integration plan. (Page 24)

Social Security issue splits A.M.A. delegates. (Page 1)

Africans studying in U.S. rise 44 per cent. (Page 10)

June 29, 1961

The President faced his first news conference in seven weeks with an elaborate calm about Berlin and even a little sauciness. (16:1-2)

The President expressed a readiness for negotiations on the crisis in Berlin ’ "and indeed in Europe" ’ but challenged the Soviet Union to accept as a basis for discussion the principle of "self-determination." He also warned the Russians against miscalculating the will and unity of the West in defending its interests in the divided city. (1:8)

Premier Khrushchev, too, expressed a readiness to negotiate on Berlin. He warned the West that threats of mobilization would not stop the Soviet Union from signing a separate peace treaty with East Germany. (1:5)

Moscow displayed what appeared to be a new supersonic delta-wing bomber similar to our B-58 Hustler and capable of intercontinental missions. (14:3)

East Germany announced that as of August 1 all foreign aircraft must receive clearance to cross its territory. (1:6)

President Kennedy announced he had ordered a special committee to determine whether the Russians might be conducting secret tests. (1:6-7)

The President said also that he welcomed Mr. Khrushchev’s challenge to out produce the United States by 1970. Mr. Kennedy said that the Russians would not catch us in this century. (1:8)

The possibility of a change in Administration policy toward Communist China drew fire from Republican Congressmen and a threat by Senator Dirksen to attach an anti-Peiping resolution to the already embattled foreign aid bill. (1:4)

Dr. Jonas A. Salk disagreed sharply with an A.M.A. report that his vaccine could not eradicate polio. His protests were too late ’ the House of Delegates endorsed the report approving the Sabin oral vaccine. (1:3-4)

The Liberal party met in convention and endorsed Mayor Wagner for re-election, and Paul Screvane for Council President. It also voted to await Mr. Wagner’s choice of a Controller. (1:1)

Federal fact-finders in the seamen’s strike assumed roles as mediators to seek a settlement before tomorrow’s deadline to avoid the Taft-Hartley law injunction process. (1:2)

Dissatisfied with that process, the Administration disclosed it was seeking new legislative means to deal with national emergency walkouts. (1:3)

Tshombe refuses to end Katanga secession. (Page 1)

Phoumi Nosavan of Laos arrives in U.S. (Page 3)

Kennedy leaves prisoner issue up to Castro. (Page 10)

F.P.C. chairman agrees to relinquish his post. (Page 6)

Kennedy and Freeman differ on food plan’s role. (Page 9)

Kennedy defends policy on aides. (Page 11)

Nomination of Negro for capital post withdrawn. (Page 19)

Builders blamed in Texas Tower disaster. (Page 6)

Retired Rear Admiral Ellis M. Zacharias dies. (Page 33)

Kennedy rejects solutions to textile problems. (Page 45)

June 30, 1961

The figures filed into the chamber quietly, their briefcases heavy with documents. The occasion was a meeting of the National Security Council and the major topic was Berlin. As President Kennedy took his seat the main matter before him was a report from former Secretary of State Dean Acheson, urging a firm stand on Berlin and giving NATO a wider role in Europe. Beyond Berlin, there were the wider questions of diplomatic, military and civil-defense measures needed for the expected dangerous relations with the Soviet Union. (1:8)

France gave quick endorsement to Mr. Kennedy’s stand on Berlin and saw him leading from strength in the growing tension. The French feel that any new Western proposals at this time would appear to the Russians as a sign of weakness. (2:3-4)

Senator J.W. Fulbright warned against the dangers of yielding to emotional demands for immediately matching Communist victories in Cuba, Laos and in space. (1:5-6)

President Kennedy proposed to Congress the establishment of an "agency for peace" to deal with problems of disarmament by conducting research on methods of limiting arms, formulating policy recommendations and conducting negotiations. (1:6-7; Text, Pg. 4)

Congress approved and sent to the White House the President’s program for increasing Social Security benefits for the elderly, raising minimum retirement payments from $33 to $40 a month. Men would be allowed to retire at 62 instead of 65. (1:2)

Chicago, Cincinnati, Lansing, Mich., Wilmington, Del., and Dayton, Ohio, have been removed from the Labor Department’s distressed areas list because more unemployed workers there have found new jobs or returned to their old ones. (12:1)

President Kennedy’s fact-finding board indicated that it had arranged a settlement between the National Maritime Union and a major segment of the struck maritime industry. The terms were a package increase of about 15 percent. (1:1)

British warships head for Kuwait. (pg.1)

F.B.I. sifts leaks on U.S. Berlin defense. (pg. 2)

U.S. sets up Travel Service for foreign visitors. (pg. 3)

Oil man in line for F.P.C. nomination. (pg. 8)

Shriver says U.S. must share its teachers. (pg. 6)

Ship is outfitted here to track missiles. (pg. 3)

Triple-satellite shot hailed as major space fact. (pg. 3)

Funston opposes wide inquiry into stock market. (pg. 1)